Modernization Project

Project Summary

pdf_icon Port Modernization Facts – pdf

The Port of Anchorage’s aging infrastructure has far exceeded its economic and design life, and the terminals are too small and shallow to efficiently handle most modern cargo container ships that are commonly used for West Coast and trans-Pacific shipping.

  • cracked_pile2_Apr8
    Cracked Pile

    The Port modernization project is not a port expansion project. It is a necessary reconstruction project that will:

    • Enable safe, reliable and cost-effective Port operation
    • Improve resiliency to enable facilities to survive extreme seismic events and Cook Inlet’s harsh marine environment with minimal operation disruption for at least 75 years
    • Update facilities to improve operational efficiency and sustainably accommodate modern shipping operations (e.g., support larger, deeper draft vessels, etc.)
    • Optimize facilities to accommodate changing statewide economic and market needs (e.g., petroleum product shipments are increasing significantly faster than general cargo growth due to Flint Hills refinery closure in 2014)
    • Optimize project scope, schedule and budget to deliver practical, timely and cost effective port modernization project
  • The project is anticipated to last seven years and will utilize Alaska firms and employ some 300 Alaska workers during peak construction phases
  • Construction will be phased/managed to enable continuous port and tenant operations
  • Construction on the cargo terminals will not commence until the project is fully funded to minimize costs and potential disruption to port and tenant operations.

The Anchorage Port modernization program is projected to cost approximately $556 million to complete, depending upon permitting and timing of fund availability. The project started work with $127 million in hand. The project needs an additional $429 million for completion as soon as 2022. Port officials anticipate that Phase-1 construction will start in 2017.

Port of Anchorage Modernization Project Phases and Fund Sources




Funds Required



Northern extension stabilization and replace POL 1 fuel and cement berth

$127 million




Replace terminal 2 and terminal 3

$298 million

$298 million



Replace POL berth 2

$35 million

$35 million

2019 or later


Complete northern extension stabilization (remove additional 10 acres)

$88 million

$88 million

2019 or later


Terminal 3 demolition

$8 million

$8 million

2022 or later

$556 million

$421 million


Port Project Funding

Port modernization is projected to cost $556 million. The Municipality of Anchorage has asked State officials to support a $298 million statewide general obligation bond referendum or other funding mechanism to help replace main cargo terminals. All remaining project funds are either in hand or will come from other sources, including Port revenues. The overwhelming majority of Port revenue derives from inbound shipping. Consequently most potential alternatives to State funding would ultimately be paid for by State residents, either in the form of taxes or cargo tariffs that would likely average about $1,000 per Southcentral/Railbelt household – a few cents at a time added to the cost of every gallon of milk, tank of gasoline, and every other commodity shipped through the Port.


Source: Alaska’s Lifeline: Cargo Distribution Patterns from the Port of Anchorage to Southcentral, Northern, Western and Southeast Alaska, Published Feb. 2011. By: University of Alaska Anchorage College of Business and Public Policy Dept. of Logistics and Port of Anchorage, Municipality of Anchorage.


Project Benefits

  • Increased throughput capacity and operational efficiencies
  • New ship-to-shore cranes will allow for larger container vessels
  • Greater seismic resilience, and improved post seismic event operational capability
  • 75 year design life to reduce current maintenance requirements



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